In subscribing to our newsletter by entering your email address above you confirm you are over the age of 18 (or have obtained your parent’s/guardian’s permission to subscribe) and agree to. I have installed a ubuntu 18.04 container inside which I tried to start the docker service. This comes up quite often when trying to build bitbucket or Jenkins CI.

Inside

Overview

This plugin allows containers to be dynamically provisioned as Jenkins nodes using Docker. Ubuntu docker nginx ssl. It is a Jenkins Cloud plugin for Docker.

The aim of this docker plugin is to be able to use a Docker host to dynamically provision a docker container as a Jenkins agent node, let that run a single build, then tear-down that node, without the build process (or Jenkins job definition) requiring any awareness of docker.

Apple macbook pro os update. The Jenkins administrator configures Jenkins with knowledge of one or more docker hosts (or swarms), knowledge of one or more “templates” (which describe the labels/tags that this template provides, the docker image, how to start it, etc) and Jenkins can then run docker containers to provide Jenkins (agent) Nodes on which Jenkins can run builds.

See also

  • Support and contribution guide

Note: There is more than one docker plugin for Jenkins. While this can be confusing for end-users, it”s even more confusing when end users report bugs in the wrong place. e.g. if you are using Jenkins pipeline / workflow / Jenkinsfile builds with code including terms like docker.withDockerRegistry or docker.image etc then you”re using the docker-workflow plugin and should go to its repository instead of this one.

Note: This plugin does not provide a Docker daemon; it allows Jenkins to use a docker daemon. i.e. Once you”ve installed docker on your OS, this plugin will allow Jenkins to use it.

Install

A quick setup is :

  1. get a docker environment running
  2. follow the instructions for creating a docker image that can be used as a Jenkins Agent

Docker Environment

Follow the installation steps on the docker website.

If your Jenkins instance is not on the same OS as the docker install, you will need to open the docker TCP port so that Jenkins can communicate with the docker daemon. This can be achieved by editing the docker config file and setting (for example)

The docker configuration file location will depend your system, but it is likely to be /etc/init/docker.conf , /etc/default/docker or /etc/default/docker.io.

Install Docker Inside Jenkins Container Tracking

Multiple Docker Hosts

If you want to use more than just one physical node to run containers, you can use Docker Swarm Standalone or you can define more than one docker “cloud”. The docker engine swarm mode API is not supported (at present; enhancement contributions would be welcomed).

To use the standalone swarm, follow docker swarm standalone instructions and configure Jenkins with the swarm”s API endpoint.

Jenkins Configuration

Docker plugin is a “Cloud” implementation. You”ll need to edit Jenkins system configuration (Jenkins -> Manage -> System configuration) and add a new Cloud of type “Docker”.

Configure Docker (or Swarm standalone) API URL with required credentials. The test button lets you check the connection.

Then configure Agent templates, assigning them labels that you can use so your jobs select the appropriate template, and set the docker container to be run with whatever container settings you require.

Creating a docker image

Container

You need a docker image that can be used to run Jenkins agent runtime. Depending on the launch method you select, there”s some prerequisites for the Docker image to be used:

Install Docker Command In Jenkins Container

Launch via SSH

  • sshd server and a JDK installed. You can use jenkins/ssh-agent as a basis for a custom image.
  • a SSH key (based on unique Jenkins master instance identity) can be injected in container on startup, you don”t need any credential set as long as you use standard openssl sshd.
    For backward compatibility or non-standard sshd packaged in your docker image, you also have option to provide manually configured ssh credentials
  • Note: If the docker container”s host SSH key is not trusted by Jenkins (usually the case) then you”ll need to set the SSH host key verification method to “non-verifying”.

Launch via JNLP

  • a JDK installed. You can use jenkins/inbound-agent as a basis for a custom image.
  • Jenkins master URL has to be reachable from container.
  • container will be configured automatically with agent”s name and secret, so you don”t need any special configuration of the container.

Install Docker Cli On Jenkins Container

Launch attached

  • a JDK installed. You can use jenkins/agent as a basis for a custom image.

To create a custom image and bundle your favorite tools, create a Dockerfile with the FROM to point to one of the jenkins/*-agent reference images, and install everything needed for your own usage, e.g.

Note on ENTRYPOINT

Avoid overriding the docker command, as the SSH Launcher relies on it.

You can use an Entrypoint to run some side service inside your build agent container before the agent runtime starts and establish a connection .. but you MUST ensure your entrypoint eventually runs the passed command:

Install Docker Inside Jenkins Container Lid

Further information

Docker

More information can be obtained from the online help built into the Jenkins WebUI. Most configurable fields have explanatory text. This, combined with knowledge of docker itself, should answer most questions.

Install Docker In Jenkins Container

Jenkins can be configured using Groovy code, and the docker plugin is no exception. For example, this configuration script could be run automatically upon Jenkins post-initialization or through the Jenkins script console. If run, this script will configure the docker-plugin to look for a docker daemon running within the same OS as the Jenkins master (connecting to Docker service through unix:///var/run/docker.sock) and with the containers connecting to Jenkins using the “attach” method.