Install Docker on Linux No matter your distribution of choice, you’ll need a 64-bit installation and a kernel at 3.10 or newer. Kernels older than 3.10 do not have the necessary features Docker requires to run containers; data loss and kernel panics occur frequently under certain conditions. Instructions for installing Docker Engine on Ubuntu. Got multiple Docker repositories? If you have multiple Docker repositories enabled, installing or updating without specifying a version in the apt-get install or apt-get update command always installs the highest possible version, which may not be appropriate for your stability needs. This tutorial will be showing you how to install Plex media server on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS server/desktop. Plex is a free piece of software that allows you to organize your movies, TV shows, music and photos in one beautiful interface and stream those media files on your PC, tablet, phone, TV, Roku, etc on the network or over the Internet.

Estimated reading time: 10 minutes

To get started with Docker Engine on Ubuntu, make sure youmeet the prerequisites, theninstall Docker.

Prerequisites

OS requirements

To install Docker Engine, you need the 64-bit version of one of these Ubuntuversions:

  • Ubuntu Groovy 20.10
  • Ubuntu Focal 20.04 (LTS)
  • Ubuntu Bionic 18.04 (LTS)
  • Ubuntu Xenial 16.04 (LTS)

Docker Engine is supported on x86_64 (or amd64), armhf, and arm64 architectures.

Uninstall old versions

Older versions of Docker were called docker, docker.io, or docker-engine.If these are installed, uninstall them:

It’s OK if apt-get reports that none of these packages are installed.

The contents of /var/lib/docker/, including images, containers, volumes, andnetworks, are preserved. If you do not need to save your existing data, and want tostart with a clean installation, refer to the uninstall Docker Enginesection at the bottom of this page.

Supported storage drivers

Docker Engine on Ubuntu supports overlay2, aufs and btrfs storage drivers.

Docker Engine uses the overlay2 storage driver by default. If you need to useaufs instead, you need to configure it manually.See use the AUFS storage driver

Installation methods

You can install Docker Engine in different ways, depending on your needs:

  • Most usersset up Docker’s repositories and installfrom them, for ease of installation and upgrade tasks. This is therecommended approach.

  • Some users download the DEB package andinstall it manually and manageupgrades completely manually. This is useful in situations such as installingDocker on air-gapped systems with no access to the internet.

  • In testing and development environments, some users choose to use automatedconvenience scripts to install Docker.

Install using the repository

Before you install Docker Engine for the first time on a new host machine, you needto set up the Docker repository. Afterward, you can install and update Dockerfrom the repository.

Set up the repository

  1. Update the apt package index and install packages to allow apt to use arepository over HTTPS:

  2. Add Docker’s official GPG key:

  3. Use the following command to set up the stable repository. To add thenightly or test repository, add the word nightly or test (or both)after the word stable in the commands below. Learn about nightly and test channels.

    Note: The lsb_release -cs sub-command below returns the name of yourUbuntu distribution, such as xenial. Sometimes, in a distributionlike Linux Mint, you might need to change $(lsb_release -cs)to your parent Ubuntu distribution. For example, if you are using Linux Mint Tessa, you could use bionic. Docker does not offer any guarantees on untestedand unsupported Ubuntu distributions.

Server

Install Docker Engine

  1. Update the apt package index, and install the latest version of DockerEngine and containerd, or go to the next step to install a specific version:

    Got multiple Docker repositories?

    If you have multiple Docker repositories enabled, installingor updating without specifying a version in the apt-get install orapt-get update command always installs the highest possible version,which may not be appropriate for your stability needs.

  2. To install a specific version of Docker Engine, list the available versionsin the repo, then select and install:

    a. List the versions available in your repo:

    b. Install a specific version using the version string from the second column, for example, 5:18.09.1~3-0~ubuntu-xenial.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Linux postinstall to allow non-privilegedusers to run Docker commands and for other optional configuration steps.

Install Docker Server Ubuntu

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, first run sudo apt-get update, then follow theinstallation instructions, choosing the newversion you want to install.

Install from a package

If you cannot use Docker’s repository to install Docker Engine, you can download the.deb file for your release and install it manually. You need to downloada new file each time you want to upgrade Docker.

  1. Go to https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/dists/,choose your Ubuntu version, then browse to pool/stable/, choose amd64,armhf, or arm64, and download the .deb file for the Docker Engineversion you want to install.

    Note: To install a nightly or test (pre-release) package,change the word stable in the above URL to nightly or test.Learn about nightly and test channels.

  2. Install Docker Engine, changing the path below to the path where you downloadedthe Docker package.

    The Docker daemon starts automatically.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux to allownon-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configurationsteps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, download the newer package file and repeat theinstallation procedure, pointing to the new file.

Install using the convenience script

Docker provides convenience scripts at get.docker.comand test.docker.com for installing edge andtesting versions of Docker Engine – Community into development environments quickly andnon-interactively. The source code for the scripts is in thedocker-install repository.Using these scripts is not recommended for productionenvironments, and you should understand the potential risks before you usethem:

Docker Install Ubuntu Server

  • The scripts require root or sudo privileges to run. Therefore,you should carefully examine and audit the scripts before running them.
  • The scripts attempt to detect your Linux distribution and version andconfigure your package management system for you. In addition, the scripts donot allow you to customize any installation parameters. This may lead to anunsupported configuration, either from Docker’s point of view or from your ownorganization’s guidelines and standards.
  • The scripts install all dependencies and recommendations of the packagemanager without asking for confirmation. This may install a large number ofpackages, depending on the current configuration of your host machine.
  • The script does not provide options to specify which version of Docker to install,and installs the latest version that is released in the “edge” channel.
  • Do not use the convenience script if Docker has already been installed on thehost machine using another mechanism.

This example uses the script at get.docker.com toinstall the latest release of Docker Engine – Community on Linux. To install the latesttesting version, use test.docker.com instead. Ineach of the commands below, replace each occurrence of get with test.

Warning:

Always examine scripts downloaded from the internet beforerunning them locally.

If you would like to use Docker as a non-root user, you should now consideradding your user to the “docker” group with something like:

Remember to log out and back in for this to take effect!

Warning:

Adding a user to the “docker” group grants them the ability to run containerswhich can be used to obtain root privileges on the Docker host. Refer toDocker Daemon Attack Surfacefor more information.

Docker Engine – Community is installed. It starts automatically on DEB-based distributions. OnRPM-based distributions, you need to start it manually using the appropriatesystemctl or service command. As the message indicates, non-root users can’trun Docker commands by default.

Note:

To install Docker without root privileges, seeRun the Docker daemon as a non-root user (Rootless mode).

Install

Upgrade Docker after using the convenience script

If you installed Docker using the convenience script, you should upgrade Dockerusing your package manager directly. There is no advantage to re-running theconvenience script, and it can cause issues if it attempts to re-addrepositories which have already been added to the host machine.

Uninstall Docker Engine

Install Docker Ubuntu Server 16.04

  1. Uninstall the Docker Engine, CLI, and Containerd packages:

  2. Images, containers, volumes, or customized configuration files on your hostare not automatically removed. To delete all images, containers, andvolumes:

You must delete any edited configuration files manually.

Next steps

  • Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux.
  • Review the topics in Develop with Docker to learn how to build new applications using Docker.

requirements, apt, installation, ubuntu, install, uninstall, upgrade, update

Docker Compose is a Python program that lets you easily deploy multiple containers on a server.

As you start exploring Docker, you”ll learn that often to run a certain web-app, you”ll need to run various services (like database, web-server etc) in different containers.

Deploying multiple containers is a lot easier with Docker Compose.

In this tutorial, you”ll learn two ways of installing Docker Compose on Ubuntu:

  • Installing Docker Compose from Ubuntu”s repository: Easier method but may not have the latest version of docker compose
  • Installing the latest Docker Compose using PIP: Gets you the newer docker compose version

Keep in mind that to use Docker Compose, you must have Docker installed on Ubuntu.

Install Docker Compose from Ubuntu”s repository

Install Docker Server Ubuntu

This is the easiest and recommend method. Unless you need the latest Docker Compose version for some specific reasons, you can manage very well with the docker compose version provides by Ubuntu.

Docker Compose is available in the universe repository of Ubuntu 20.04 and 18.04 so make sure to enable it first:

You probably won”t need it but no harm in updating the local cache:

Now you can install Docker Compose in Ubuntu using this command:

You can check that Docker Compose is installed successfully by checking its version:

It should show an output like this:

Install Docker Ubuntu Server 20.10

Install the latest Docker Compose on Ubuntu using PIP

PIP stands for “PIP Installs Package”. It”s a command-line based package manager for installing Python applications.

Since Docker Compose is basically a Python program, you can use PIP to install it.

But before you do that, you need to install PIP on Ubuntu first.

Enable the universe repository first.

Install PIP now:

Now that you have PIP installed use it to install Docker Compose for all users on your Linux system:

Check the Docker Compose version to ensure that it is installed successfully:

You can see that Docker Compose installed via PIP is more recent version.

I hope you were able to successfully install Docker Compose on Ubuntu with this tutorial. Questions and suggestions are welcome.

Install Docker Server Ubuntu

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Install Docker Ubuntu Server 14.04

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